Trading places we can make it baby
Trading Places is a screwball comedy from director John Landis in it marked his first collaboration with Eddie Murphy. It is an old fashioned satire along the lines of something Frank Capra or Preston Sturges would have made 40 years earlier. It has a Prince and the Pauper plot wherein two men from vastly different backgrounds switch places.
It was a huge hit in the summer offurther cementing Eddie Murphy as one of the most bankable stars of the decade. Dan Aykroyd and Jamie Lee Curtis costar. Set in Philadelphia at the holidays, Trading Places tells how a wealthy commodities broker named Louis Winthorpe III Aykroyd trading places we can make it baby homeless street hustler Billy Ray Valentine Murphy become unwitting pawns in a bet between the Duke brothers, the elderly and very rich owners of the brokerage house Winthorpe works for.
The bet is a nature vs. Their presence adds to the old fashioned feel of the story since they were both around making screwball comedies during Hollywood's golden age. The Duke brothers are classic comedy villains who get their hilarious comeuppance at the conclusion. Trading Places was originally intended as a vehicle for Richard Pryor and Gene Wilder, who had recently had much success as a comedy team in movies like Silver Streak and Stir Crazy.
It's easy to picture the two of them in this movie although Murphy and Aykroyd are indeed perfect in these roles. There is a scene on a train like so many classic comedies before it that is wonderfully funny. Curtis, not to be left out, does a bad Swiss accent while showing off her ample breasts. The venerable British actor Denholm Elliott rounds out the group.
He plays a valet trading places we can make it baby works for trading places we can make it baby Duke brothers who joins forces with Valentine and Winthorpe to teach Randolph and Mortimer trading places we can make it baby lesson. He poses as a man of the cloth for this scene on the train, which ends with a man in a gorilla suit getting raped by a real gorilla even though it is obviously another man in a gorilla suit for laughs.
Trading Places was released in June but is set at the holidays. Throughout the movie Christmas trees, wreaths and other holiday decorations give it a festive feel that is also quaintly old fashioned. This contrasts with the four letter words and naked breasts on display; both of which date the movie as being from the s.
Trading Places is first and foremost a display of Eddie Murphy's vast and hilarious comedic talent sort of an updated Jerry Lewis. But unlike some of his later movies this one is truly an ensemble. Trading Places is a movie I loved in as a 16 year old. Seen from the vantage point of 30 years later it looks like one of the best comedies made during the s.
If anything, Trading Places has only gotten funnier with age. Can it really be 30 years since this movie was released? If there's any doubt, one look at the cars, the computers, the hair and especially the clothes, will confirm it for you. If that weren't enough, a baby faced and relatively thin Dan Aykroyd will surely drive home the point that this movie was made a long time ago.
Its comedy though, is timeless. This is in part because it's just plain funny, but also because, as Patrick pointed out, there's an old fashioned feel to the movie that goes beyond its 's origins. It's easy to imagine Capra or Sturgess directing a similar film in the s or s.
The presence of Bellamy and Ameche adds to the old Hollywood feel. I agree that Murphy is funny. He was on the cusp of super-stardom at this point in his career. This was just his second film and he was still starring on Saturday Night Live when it was released. He was just one year away from going solo in Beverly Hills Copbut as Patrick wrote, here he is part of an ensemble cast, all of whom get a chance in the spotlight. Aykroyd's prissy Winthorpe makes a good foil for Murphy's street-smart Valentine, while generating laughs on his own.
Curtis is hot, in a very 's way, including her first nude scene. Her funniest moment comes in the silly train scene when she dresses up in German lederhosen, but speaks with a Swedish accent reportedly because Curtis couldn't do a convincing German accent. I also agree that Bellamy and Ameche are scene-stealers as the Duke brothers. Although it hardly hurts the humor, there are portions of the story that don't quite work.
Valentine goes from a man begging in the street to successfully managing a Brokerage House far too easily and far too quickly. I know that this is a screwball comedy that at one point uses a man in an ape costume getting raped by a real gorilla trading places we can make it baby a punchline, but still Valentine's sudden transformation never feels real.
Given its box office success, a summer release may have been the right move at the time, but now I, and I suspect others, associate this movie with the holidays.
One unexpected legacy of the film was a regulation put into effect inknown as "The Eddie Murphy Law" which related to the insider trading conducted in this film. The fact that this regulation would take its name from a nearly 30 year old at the time movie, just goes to show how fondly it is remembered after all this time trading places we can make it baby deservedly so.
Scott wrote how easily Valentine goes from a beggar to a Broker. I agree it trading places we can make it baby a stretch and will add that Winthorpe as well falls far too easily. Having gone to Harvard, he obviously came from money.
Falling from grace at his firm would not erase his family connections. No mention is ever made of his parents or why he does not seek any family help. My brothers also wrote how the film has an old feel to it with trading places we can make it baby classic movie trappings. Jamie Lee Curtis plays the classic stereotype of the whore with a heart of gold. She far too easily allows Winthorpe into her apartment and her life. He likewise goes from being in love with a prudish snob to a street walker without much explanation.
Forgive this film for its small discretions though and you are in for a delightfully quick paced comedy. Bellamy and Ameche are a hoot. Where Trading Place s truly succeeds is in the simple story of two men from opposite sides of the tracks coming together to take down some evil rich men. The cast is terrific. Dan Aykroyd has always done his best work in ensemble casts and does not disappoint here.
Jamie Lee Curtis has never looked better. Denholm Elliott is known for his small role in the Indiana Jones films but they never gave him the chance to shine like he does here. Trading Places is an old time comedy with s subject matter. It is funny, charming and timeless.
Used around the globe, BPA serves as a chemical building block from which polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins are made.
Because of their useful chemical and physical properties, those materials make their way into products including sports, medical, and electronic equipment, but lately, their use in water and food containers has increasingly come under fire. Those concerns have sent some manufacturers looking for BPA-free subsitutes, but finding suitable replacements is no easy task. For more than 50 years, products made from BPA-based materials have been available in the marketplace.
Owing to their toughness, heat resistance, and optical properties, polycarbonates are widely used to manufacture CDs and DVDs, automobile parts, and sports safety equipment. Many of those key properties have also made polycarbonate plastics a choice material for making reusable water and baby bottles, food-storage containers, and tableware.
Similar in some ways to polycarbonates, BPA-based epoxy resins are routinely applied to the inside of food and beverage cans, in these cases to form a protective coating and a barrier between the metal and the food product.
Various advocacy groups drew attention trading places we can make it baby to studies linking low-level exposure to BPA with increased rates of prostate and breast cancer, reproductive problems, and early onset of puberty in girls.
FDA noted that "exposure levels to BPA trading places we can make it baby food contact materials are below those that may cause health effects. Instead, the trading places we can make it baby of the debate has climbed higher in the past few months as new studies and reports further condemned BPA.
For example, one widely cited study indicated that people with high concentrations of BPA in their bodies are more likely than others to suffer heart disease, diabetes, and liver damage J. For example, Philips' original line of Avent Airflex baby bottles was made with polycarbonate.
Trading places we can make it baby the summer, however, the Dutch conglomerate has been selling a new line of Avent bottles made from polyethersulfone. Medelaa McHenry, Ill. Medela's storage and feeding bottles are made of polypropylene. Various manufacturers, among them Playtex, advertise that their breast milk storage bags are made from polyethylene and therefore are BPA-free. And Florida-based BornFree points out that its baby bottles are made from polyamide. Some manufacturers have replaced a few products with BPA-free substitutes.
But for many food applications, for example, in the metal-packaging industry, finding a new material with just the right combination of properties remains a major challenge. According to John M. Rost, chair of the North American Metal Packaging Alliancethe materials used to coat food cans must adhere strongly, provide corrosion resistance, and withstand the high temperatures required for sterilization and processing.
The coating also has to be compatible chemically with the food and cannot impart a flavor or odor. He notes that recently, the search for new BPA-free materials has been ramped up, but he says the focus is on improving materials that already have FDA approval. He adds that currently, non-epoxy-based BPA-free materials provide adequate food-packaging protection only in a limited number of applications.
Kelsey, a polymer specialist who recently retired from Shell Chemicals. He explains that polycarbonate is one of the few materials that exhibits "crystal-clear transparency"; high impact strength, which makes the material tough; and a high glass-transition temperature, T gwhich is a measure of a polymer's resistance to heat. Glasslike transparency is desirable for trading places we can make it baby and functionality.
Not only does a measuring cup or graduated water bottle made from a crystal clear polymer look good compared with one made from polypropylene or some other opaque or cloudy materials, it also "works" better than products made from those other materials. The clear product enables a user to read the liquid level in the container, an important feature for users who wish to closely monitor fluid intake.
In addition, a user can tell with just a glance whether the interior and contents of a transparent container appear clean. Transparency isn't a property exclusive to polycarbonate. Various polymers, including polystyrene, styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer, and polymethyl methacrylate acryliccan be prepared in a way that renders them transparent, says David Trading places we can make it baby. Porter, a research group leader at Eastman Chemical.
But unlike polycarbonate and a family of copolyesters, which is an Eastman specialty area, the acrylic and styrene-based materials are just transparent—not transparent and tough. The lack of toughness and durability preclude using those materials for high-impact applications, such as sports water bottles that are likely to be dropped or banged repeatedly.
Polyethylene, trading places we can make it baby contrast, has a T g below room temperature. That property renders polyethylene pliable at low temperature, which may be perfect for products that are meant to be deformed, such as squeeze bottles, but unacceptable for containers that need to be rigid. Other polymers, such as polysulfone and polyimide, have high glass-transition temperatures, but those materials are much more expensive than polycarbonate.
Polycarbonate is a relatively inexpensive material that is prepared via a multistep process from low-cost reagents. Alkylating benzene with propylene forms cumene, which, according to Kelsey, is readily converted to phenol and acetone.
Treating those compounds with acid gives BPA. To make polycarbonate, BPA is polymerized in a reaction with phosgene or by reacting BPA with dimethyl carbonate or a related compound.
Despite polycarbonate's useful qualities, Thermos, like other companies, has been seeking ways to make products from BPA-free materials. Recently, the company announced it had begun manufacturing a new tough water bottle from such a material: Tritan, a copolyester made by Eastman. Not only is Tritan BPA-free, according to Lane it also is easy to process, clear, dishwasher durable, and impact resistant.
He adds that Tritan is only slightly more expensive than polycarbonate. Other companies—among them Cool Geara Plymouth, Mass. Eastman's Porter describes Tritan in trading places we can make it baby terms as a copolyester that's based on cyclohexanedimethanol and a derivative of cyclobutanediol CBDO.
Porter notes that some of Tritan's key features are its heat tolerance and its enhanced resistance trading places we can make it baby hydrolysis and chemical decomposition relative to polycarbonate plastics. Those properties allow housewares manufacturers to make eye-catching transparent blender jars and other hefty products that are subjected to stress but remain more durable than their polycarbonate counterparts.
Porter notes that the Tritan products repeatedly withstand the heat, humidity, and alkalinity of dishwashing cycles without degrading or crazing, that is, without forming a network of tiny cracks. Indeed, introducing CBDO to the polyesters did raise the T g as expected, Kelsey says, but it also yielded a family of very tough polymers, "which was a complete surprise.
He adds that the copolyesters are "greener" than polycarbonate because they need no solvents for synthesis and generate less waste. Booth and Gary W. In addition, the polymers exhibit "shape memory," a property that could enable a damaged product to be repaired simply by heating Polymer47 The researchers have also determined that by controlling CBDO's cis-trans ratio, they can simultaneously boost the material's T g and impact resistance.
Plans to commercialize the materials are under way, they say. During the past 50 years, BPA-based products have become ubiquitous in the market place. But the growing health concerns and increasingly negative public opinion render the future of these materials uncertain.
The compounds aren't likely to disappear overnight. But as manufacturers turn to materials like Tritan, they already have begun reducing their reliance on BPA.
For chemists, BPA's troubles come with an opportunity: Site Map Help Login. Serving the chemical, life sciences and laboratory worlds. Login Subscriber Only Content. December 15, Volume 86, Number 50 pp. Low Cost BPA is an inexpensive monomer that can be prepared in high purity from common starting materials. Old Timer Polycarbonate is made via a decades-old route from BPA and phosgene or, more recently, from phosgene substitutes.
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